Human Rights Behind Bars in Egypt

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  • The EU replied to your petition

    The EU replied to the signatories of the petition, submitted by EuroMed Rights, urging to take immediate measures to address Egypt’s escalating repression and silencing of civil society organisations. The EU states its commitment to support the Egyptian civil society and uphold human rights in its bilateral partnership with Egypt.

    Click here to read the EU response

  • Lawyer Tarek Hussein spends 12 days in enforced disappearance

    Rights lawyer and Dostour Party member Tarek Hussein was forcibly disappeared while in detention from 4 July until 16 July, when his family finally discovered his whereabouts. Tarek is still in pre-trial detention despite a court order to release him.

    Click here to read more information

  • Seven Alexandria lawyers on trial for demonstrating against Tiran and Sanafir deal

    Seven lawyers, including Mohamad Ramadan, are accused of demonstrating without a permit and disseminating false news for protesting against the parliament’s approval of a maritime border demarcation agreement between Egypt and Saudi Arabia. The verdict is due on 29 July 2017.

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The Activists

Alaa Abdel Fattah

Alaa Abdel Fattah

in prison for 823 days

Alaa Abdel Fattah is an Egyptian activist born in 1981. As a Free Open Source Software developer and human rights activist, he has been at the forefront of the struggle for change in Egypt for many years, working relentlessly for the “bread, freedom and social justice” called for by the 2011 revolution. As a result, he has the unfortunate distinction of having been arrested not only by Mubarak but also all the different regimes that have ruled Egypt since the 2011 revolution.

Alaa is currently in prison in Egypt serving a five-year sentence after a trial that has been deemed unfair by international observers. Since being in prison for his current sentence, Alaa’s father, renowned human rights and constitutional lawyer, Ahmad Seif, has died at 60 and his younger sister, Sanaa, has been tried – also for protesting – and served 14 months of a two-year jail sentence.

Follow the campaign for his release on Facebook.

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Ismail Al-Iskandarani

Ismail Al-Iskandarani

in prison for 601 days

Ismail Al-Iskandarani is a researcher and journalist who was detained upon his return to Egypt from Germany on 29 November 2015.

After having been held for more than ten hours at the airport, he was later moved to State Security Prosecution after the authorities searched his laptop and found articles he wrote on Sinai and other political issues. He was interrogated on charges of belonging to an illegal group, the Muslim Brotherhood, and spreading its ideas, in addition to intentionally disseminating false information

Mr Iskandarani is one of very few well-informed journalists and researchers to have published extensively on the political, security and human rights situation in the Sinai Peninsula. In that context, he has provided rare and credible analysis on the conditions endured by the civilian population of North Sinai, an area where a sweeping counter-insurgency operation is being implemented by the military.

Read more on his blog (in Arabic) about Sinai and this petition for his release.

Ismail al-Iskandarani is an associate researcher with the Arab Reform Initiative, and was a guest researcher at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC.

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Mahmoud Hussein

Mahmoud Hussein

Released 485 days ago

Mahmoud Hussein was arrested from a microbus and picked out because of his anti-torture t-shirt and scarf. Mahmoud Hussein is accused of breaking the “protest law”, getting paid to protest, possessing Molotov cocktails, and belonging to a terrorist organisation.

He has been in pre-trial detention for more than 700 days. He was only 18 years old when he was arrested and is now at 19 years old facing an unknown fate in an Egyptian prison. No credible evidence has been presented to link him with violent actions or terrorist activities.

On 9 February 2016, the Giza Felony Court extended his detention for another 45 days. Mahmoud has already spent the maximum allowable time in pretrial detention (two years), a landmark he passed on 25 January.

On 24 March 2016, the court decided to release him after 790 days in pre-trial detention! 

While the court’s decision comes as a huge relief for Mahmoud Hussein and his family, it should not overshadow the outrageous injustice he has suffered.

See the Amnesty International campaign for the release of Mahmoud Hussein.

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Mohamed Ramadan

Mohamed Ramadan

in prison for 36 days

Mohamed Ramadan is a human rights lawyer based in Alexandria. He has used his legal expertise to defend human rights activists and political prisoners in Egypt. He has also worked on cases of torture in police stations.

Ramadan has worked at the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI). Since 2014, he was a member of its Lawyers for Democracy Initiative, monitoring and documenting democracy in the country. He was also part of the legal team that represented woman human rights defender Mahienour El-Masry, who was sentenced to prison for violating the Protest Law.

In 2014, Ramadan was detained and mistreated in a police station in Alexandria after he attempted to file a complaint against the detention of Syrian refugees at the same station. In November 2016, security forces raided his house and arrested his mother and his sister. He was detained again, interrogated in December 2016 and charged with insulting the National Security on social media.

In April 2017, Ramadan was sentenced in absentia to 10 years in prison, followed by five years of house arrest and a ban on using the internet for the same period. The decision was based on violations of the Counter-terrorism Law 94/2015, known for its wide definition of “terrorist act”, after he allegedly created a Facebook account expressing opinions that could potentially “disrupt public order” and “harm national unit”.

He was arrested in June 2017 from a cafe in Alexandria, in the context of the protests against the transfer of two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia. He has been charged in three different cases, but the hearings continue to be adjourned.

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Mahmoud Abu Zeid (Shawkan)

Mahmoud Abu Zeid (Shawkan)

in prison for 1438 days

Mahmoud is an Egyptian photojournalist who was arrested along with two other journalists while he was taking pictures of the August 14, 2013 Rabaa massacre.

He has spent four years in pre-trial detention, but it was only on 26 March 2016 that he was charged with nine offences, including murder which puts him at risk of the death penalty.

In one of the last court session of his trial that took place on 27 December 2016, the judge read out a report by the Tora prison doctor, which stated that Shawkan was in good health. This contradicts claims by Shawkan’s family that he was diagnosed with Hepatitis C before his arrest on 14 August 2013.

Shawkan have accused prison authorities of physical abuse and prevention of access to medicines and personal hygiene products. In the meantime, the ongoing trial had been systematically adjourned, pending a report on videos documenting the violent dispersal of the pro-Muslim Brotherhood sit-in in August 2013, and a response from Egypt’s Central Security Agency.

It is worth noting that so far, no evidence has been presented to establish that Mahmoud Abu Zeid is responsible for the offences with which he is charged and his camera has not been used as evidence which makes his status as a prisoner ambiguous.

In the letter he wrote in May 2015, marking 600 days in pre-trial detention, Shawkan narrates the hardships of his conditions in prison: “Tora prison is like a cemetery. It is a place where dreams come to die”.

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Tarek Hussein

Tarek Hussein

in prison for 35 days

Tarek Hussein, known as Tito, is a human rights lawyer at the Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR) and a Dostour Party member.

In June 2017, Tarek was arrested from his home amidst an increase of detentions of peaceful activists protesting the Parliament’s approval to hand over control of Tiran and Sanafir, two Red Sea islands, to Saudi Arabia. Despite a court release order and payment of the bail, Tarek is still held in arbitrary detention, based on police’s claims that he is suspected in 13 pending cases against individuals also named Tarek Hussein. One of the cases dates to 1999, when he was five years old.

In July 2017, Tarek was subjected to enforced disappearance while in detention, when authorities refused to reveal his whereabouts to his family during twelve days.

Reportedly ill-treated by police authorities, Tarek addressed a letter to the Lawyers’ Syndicate where he exposes his deteriorating health condition.

Tarek had been arrested in 2013 on the accusation of burning of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Guidance Bureau. He was arrested again in 2014 during the commemoration of the 25 January Revolution. He was acquitted in both cases.

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Hisham Jaafar

Hisham Jaafar

in prison for 640 days

Mr Jaafar is the director of the Mada Foundation for Media Development and a member of the Journalists’ Syndicate. He was arrested when security forces stormed the headquarters of Mada on 21 October 2015. He was interrogated by state security prosecution and his lawyers were barred from attending the interrogation. He is accused of receiving illegal foreign funding and belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood, an organisation which has been outlawed.

He remains in pre-trial detention in al-Aqrab/Scorpion prison, the maximum-security wing of the Tora prison complex.

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Aya Hegazy

Aya Hegazy

Aya Hegazy is an Egyptian-American activist who established the Belady foundation with the objective of helping out street children. She was arrested in Cairo in May 2014 and charged with organising a group with the purposes of human trafficking, holding children for sexual exploitation and using them to disturb the peace in protests against security forces. Despite vehemently denying the charges, she was arrested with her husband, who was running the association with her, and two other colleagues. In the same year, other three staff of the Belady foundation were also arrested.

The kids are being taught how to read and write, paint and learn self defense. Aya and her husband sleep on the floor in the conference room so that they can supervise the kids 24/7” her mother explained. Visit her Facebook page for more information and pictures of the children’s activities.

She also said that when Aya was interrogated by National Security, she was hit in the neck, fell to her knees and called names by the officer, who threatened her with the death sentence.

Despite the fact that the law sets a maximum of two years for pre-trial detention, the verdict was postponed in seven occasions. The excuses used to delay the trial show the level of injustice that rules the courts of Egypt.

After nearly three years in pre-trial detention, Aya and her six colleagues were acquitted on 16 April 2017.

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Ahmed Said

Ahmed Said

Released 246 days ago

Ahmed Said is an independent human rights defender, surgeon and poet who provided emergency medical care to citizens attacked by security forces during the 2011 Egyptian uprising. He was arrested by Egyptian security forces, along with 12 other peaceful protesters on 19 November 2015 in Cairo, as they commemorated the anniversary of the 2011 Mohammad Mahmoud Street protests, which were violently repressed by riot police from 19 November to 24 November 2011. Over 40 people were killed in that crackdown on a demonstration initially sparked by the dispersal of a sit-in protest of families of citizens injured or killed in the initial 18-day uprising.

At the silent, peaceful protest held on the 2015 anniversary of this event, there was a call for accountability of the perpetrators of human rights violations that took place four years earlier in Mohammad Mahmoud Street.

For this, Ahmed Said and his co-detainees were arrested, blindfolded and interrogated by security officials without the presence of a lawyer. Said is charged with protesting without a permit, “taking part in a gathering of more than five people and obstructing traffic”, as well as “possession of publications that contain information disturbing public order”.

On 13 December 2015 the Abdeen Misdemeanour Court in Cairo sentenced Ahmed Said and four other protesters to two years of imprisonment for participating in a protest without a permit on the fourth anniversary of the Mohamed Mahmoud incidents. This sentence violates his rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly, supposedly guaranteed by the 2014 Constitution and Egypt’s commitment to international human rights standards.

Ahmed Said is now held an isolated cell and banned from visits, meaning he is extremely vulnerable to violent assaults by the security officers.

Read his letter written from prison in December 2015.

Surgeon and poet Dr. Ahmed Said was released from prison on Friday 18 November 2016.

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Azza Soliman

Azza Soliman

Azza Soliman is a prominent lawyer and the founder of the Center for Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA). She is currently serving on its board of trustees. CEWLA is a feminist organisation that campaigns to promote gender equality, focusing in particular on legislative reform and awareness-raising.

On 17 November, Azza Soliman’s personal bank account and that of her law firm LJP (Lawyers for Justice and Peace) were frozen by instruction of the Central Bank like for Nadeem.

On 19 November, she was notified by the Egyptian authorities that she is banned from travelling, when going to Jordan to participate in a training on human rights.

On 7 December, she was arrested from her home and escorted to the police station by Egyptian security forces. She was later transferred to the New Cairo court where she was interrogated by the investigative judge of case no 173, known as the foreign funding case. Released on bail in the evening, she is nevertheless currently under investigation with the investigative judge.

Azza Soliman was a witness to a murder of activist Shaimaa ElSabbagh, who was killed while peacefully protesting on 24 January 2015. Two months later, the Qasr El Nile Prosecution Office in Cairo changed Ms Soliman’s status from being a witness to the killing of Shaimaa ElSabbagh to a defendant, accused of protesting illegally. She was acquitted of the charges, which the prosecutor subsequently appealed.

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Taher Mokhtar

Taher Mokhtar

Released 346 days ago

Dr. Taher Mokhtar is a prominent health activist and a member of the Rights and Freedoms Committee at the Doctors’ Syndicate. He is a vocal campaigner for prisoners’ right to adequate medical treatment in places of detention in Egypt, and is also noted for defending workers’, minorities’ and refugees’ rights.

He was arrested with his two flatmates, Hossam el din Hammad and Ahmad Hassan, on Jan. 14, 2016 following a raid on their apartment in Downtown Cairo. They were interrogated by National Security for nine hours without a lawyer, then questioned by the Prosecution, which accused them of possession of publications that call for the overthrow of the regime.

Their detention was renewed on Jan. 17, 2016 for 15 days pending investigation.

The detention of Dr Taher Mokhtar is part of a campaign of intimidation and repression of human rights defenders, and of a crackdown on rights activists and pro-democracy movements, ostensibly to thwart the organization of protests on Jan. 25, 2016, the fifth anniversary of the Egyptian Revolution.

He was finally released on 3 August on a EGP 5,000 bail.

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Mohamed Nagi Abdelmaksoud

Mohamed Nagi Abdelmaksoud

26-year old Mohamed Nagi Abdelmaksoud began his professional career in 2009 as a journalist. In 2012 he began his engagement with civil society and human rights work as a member of the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression (AFTE).

Over the years Nagi worked on the launch of numerous solidarity and advocacy campaign, most prominent of which was his solidarity campaign with the students of the German University in Cairo (GUS), where he contributed to providing support to students expelled by the university because of their student activism, as well as documenting student activism at the university since the 2011 Egyptian revolution. Nagi also contributed to the production of numerous reports and research that addressed the issue of the students’ bylaws and statutes

In addition to his research work, Nagi coordinated the AFTE Students’ Monitor and participated in a large number of workshops and trainings for students, introducing them to student rights and freedoms, addressing student rights as a fundamental human right.

Through his work and contributions, he has become one of the most prominent Egyptian researchers in student rights and academic freedoms.

On 25 April 2016, Nagi was randomly arrested among others upon a call for peaceful protests against the agreement regarding the demarcation of maritime border between Egyptian authorities and their Saudi counterparts. He was subjected to interrogation by state security investigation and later accused of unlicensed demonstration.

On 14 May, Nagi and 21 others were sentenced to 5 years of hard labor for charges of participation in a demonstration giving thereby the harshest penalty according to the protest law. The verdict was not a legal decision but a political one, decided in advance with the aim of silencing any voice of dissent towards the ruling regime.

Researcher and human rights defender Mohamed Nagi and his colleagues were tried by an unconstitutional law and received cruel and politicized sentences. Those young people are in dire need of all your support and help before the verdict is consolidated in the court of appeal (the second and last degree).

 

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Malek Adly

Malek Adly

Malek Adly is a prominent human rights lawyer and the director of Lawyers Network at the Egyptian Centre for Economic and Social Rights (ECESR), which seeks to promote and mobilise social movements to spread the culture of human rights.

He is one the founders of the Front for Defending Egypt’s Protesters, a group comprising of 34 human rights organisations and several lawyers, which documents illegal practices carried out by state police forces against peaceful protesters.

Upon his arrest in Cairo’s Maadi district on 5 May 2016, Malek Adly was charged with attempting to overthrow the regime and transferred to Tora prison, Cairo where he is currently detained. A Cairo court renewed on 14 June his detention for 15 days.

There are reports that he is mistreated and beaten in detention, and denied family and lawyer visitation rights. The human rights defender was brought food, clothes and medication by his family as the prison was not providing them, but he was not allowed to receive them. His health is reported to be rapidly deteriorating.

On 28 August, he was released from prison after having spent nearly 4 months in solitary confinement. Although free, Malek Adly still faces charges and can be prosecuted. He is now subject to a travel ban.

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Ahmad Abdallah

Ahmad Abdallah

Released 315 days ago

Ahmed Abdallah is the co-founder and board director of the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF). He is a key person in the structure and governance of ECRF, which he helped becoming one of the major independent human rights organisations in Egypt through his dedication to human rights and peaceful change. Since the creation of ECRF, in 2013, he delivered training sessions on documentation and campaigning for human rights across many Egyptian governorates. Ahmed Abdallah is also the co-founder of the Start Foundation for Development and Anti-Corruption.

He was arrested on 25 April and his sentence was extended continuously.

Against the backdrop of the charges related to the instigation of protests and the dissemination of news about the Egyptian-Saudi border deal and the transfer of Tiran and Sanafir islands, he was finally released on 10 September on bail of 10,000 EGP,

 

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Mina Thabet

Mina Thabet

Released 394 days ago

Mina Thabet is the is Director of the Minority and Religious Groups Program at the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF) and a long term researcher on religious freedoms and minority rights in Egypt. He is also the co-founder of The Egyptian Coalition for minorities, and he was a consultant for the committee responsible for amending the 2013 Constitution. Mina Thabet co-founded also “Masperro Youth Union” and he acted as a representative of the group during the harsh repression on civil society in June 2013.

On 19 May 2016 security forces broke into his house  and arrested him; on 5 June his preventive detention was extended for 15 days.

But on 20 June, the Al-Nozha Appellant Misdemnour Court convened at the Counseling Room and decided to reject the appeal submitted by the Public Prosecution, therefore upholding the release order of Mina Thabet.

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Mohamed Lotfy

Mohamed Lotfy

Mohamed Lotfy is the founder and executive director of the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF), an organisation that works in several governorates across Egypt to protect human rights, provide documentation and deliver pro-bono legal aid to victims of human rights violations. As a human rights defender, Mohamed Lotfy advocates on a broad range of issues, including enforced disappearance and freedom of association and assembly in Egypt.

On 2 June 2015, a travel ban was imposed on him by Egyptian state security, preventing him to attend a public event at the German Parliament during an Egyptian presidential visit to Berlin, where Mr Lotfy was meant to speak.

As the travel ban was issued, he was also detained for several hours at the airport and his passport was confiscated before he was allowed to return home. An officer in civilian clothes explained that the ban was being imposed for “security reasons” and informed him that he would be summoned for interrogation by the National Security Service. Then, on 20 October 2016, the Giza office of ECRF was raided. This is part of a broader trend of systematic intimidations against human rights defenders by the Egyptian authorities.

Mohamed Lotfy previously worked as an Egypt campaigner and researcher at Amnesty International focusing on police and military human rights violations. He has also worked for the World Organisation against Torture, the International Commission of Jurists and the International Organization for Migration. He holds a master’s degree in European studies and a License in Political sciences from the University of Geneva, Switzerland. Mohamed is married and has one child.

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Esraa Abdel Fattah

Esraa Abdel Fattah

Esraa Abdel Fattah is an Egyptian political activist. She advocates through digital media for human rights and in defence of youth protest movements in Egypt.

On 13 January 2015, Ms Abdel Fattah was prevented from boarding a flight to Germany as the police officers at the Cairo Airport informed her that a travel ban has been issued against her, without any prior notification. She filed a lawsuit to ask for the travel ban to be lifted, but in June 2015 the Cairo Administrative Court decided to uphold it. A decision that was upheld by the Criminal Court of South Cairo District in December 2015.

She has been under a travel ban for 23 months without any investigation or case file. The only information that she has received is that she is investigated as part of the case no 173/2011, known as the “foreign funding” case, in which leading Egyptian human rights defenders are targeted.

In 2008, Ms Abdel Fattah became known for co-founding the 6th of April movement during the mass protests against workers’ low wages and increasing food prices. She called for a day of civil disobedience on Facebook that mobilised thousands of young people asking for political change. She was imprisoned for several weeks by the Egyptian security for her role in organising the protest. During the 25th January uprising in 2011, she took a leading role in keeping the media updated about the situation on the ground.

She became a symbol of resistance and struggle for women human rights defenders and the youth movement in Egypt, which earned her international attention and recognition. Freedom House awarded her the “New Generation Democratic Activist” prize in 2010; she was nominated “Woman of the Year, 2011” by Glamour magazine and she was among the nominees for the Nobel Peace Prize 2011.

 

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Mozn Hassan

Mozn Hassan

Mozn Hassan is a woman human rights defender and the founder and executive director of Nazra for Feminist Studies (www.nazra.org) a feminist organisation working in Egypt and the MENA region on gender equality and combatting violence against women.

She was summoned to appear before a judge investigating what is known as the “foreign funding case” after her participation at the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) in March 2016.

On June 2016, airport authorities in Cairo prevented her from travelling to Beirut, where she was supposed to participate in the executive committee meeting of the Women Human Rights Defenders Regional Coalition for the Middle East and North Africa, as a regional expert.  This travel ban is a clear reprisal measure designed to silence her voice and to stop her from participating in international advocacy.

Ms Hassan also published several articles on the issue of sexual violence against women in the public space and women’s political participation.

She is among the 2016 laureates for the Right Livelihood Award, but due to the ban, she has not been able to travel to receive the prize. In 2013, Ms Hassan has been awarded the inaugural Charlotte Bunch Human Rights Defender prize in at the Global Fund for Women’s 25th Anniversary. Ms Hassan is also a Board Member with the Global Fund for Women and the Association for Women’s Rights in Development (AWID), as well as a member of the Regional Experts’ Committee of the Regional Coalition for Women Human Rights Defenders in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).

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Gamal Eid

Gamal Eid

Gamal Eid is a prominent human rights defender and executive director of the Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI). Mr Eid founded ANHRI in 2004 with the aim of establishing an organisation to defend human rights in general, and freedom of expression in particular in Egypt and the Arab world through research and legal support to victims.

On 4 February 2016, Mr Eid was denied by Cairo Airport officials from boarding a flight to Athens.  He had no prior knowledge, no notification or summon for investigation regarding the travel ban and didn’t receive any information about the judicial body responsible for it.

Mr Eid is a lawyer who graduated from `Ain Shams University College of Law and served as a defence attorney in several human rights cases during the Mubarak era.

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Mohamed Zaree

Mohamed Zaree

Mohamed Zaree has been the Egypt Office Director of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) since 2014. He leads CIHRS’ research, human rights education, media outreach and national advocacy activities in Egypt. He also coordinates the Forum of Independent Egyptian Human Rights NGOs, created in 2007.

Since 2012, Mohammed Zaree has represented CIHRS in several official committees charged with drafting a new NGO law for Egypt. He has advocated for freedom of association with different Egyptian ministries under the presidencies of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, Mohammad Morsi and Adly Mansour.

On 26 May 2016, Mohamed Zaree was stopped at Cairo International Airport before boarding a flight for a business trip. The officers informed him that a travel ban had been imposed on him, based on an order by the investigative judge of the case no 173/2011, known as the “foreign funding case.”

Mohamed Zaree is a leading protagonist of Egypt’s human rights movement and remains the representative of CIHRS in Egypt. However, his personal safety and freedom are at risk due to the prosecution of the foreign funding case, which targets many human rights defenders in Egypt. As part of the repressive pre-trial measures, CIHRS’ assets were frozen on 17 September 2016.

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Negad El Borai

Negad El Borai

Negad El Borai is a prominent human rights lawyer and a well-known figure in Egypt’s civil society. He chairs the law firm United Group for Law, which also provides support to civil society organisations and victims of human rights violations.

In March 2015, the High Judicial Council filed a complaint against him for drafting a law for the prevention of torture in line with Egypt’s international commitments, organising a workshop for open discussion with other experts and advocating for its promulgation before the Egyptian authorities. Since then, he has been summoned on five occasions and arrested for “implementing human rights activities without a license”, “deliberately spreading false information with the purpose of harming public order or public interest” and “receiving illegal funds”. He has also been accused of “establishing an unlicensed entity with the intent of inciting resistance towards to the authorities” in reference to his law firm.

Negad El Borai is currently under a travel ban that hinders his peaceful work. The travel ban, based on the controversial foreign funding case, was notified to him in January 2017 as he attempted to attend a conference in Jordan.

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Ahmed Ragheb

Ahmed Ragheb

Mr Ahmed Ragheb is a lawyer and founder of the National Community for Human Rights and Law (NCHRL). He works to promote and protect human rights through NCHRL and in his capacity as a lawyer.

On 15 November 2016, Mr Ahmed Ragheb was told by passport control officials at Cairo International Airport that he was banned from travelling based on a judicial order issued against him in May 2016 by an investigative judge, apparently in relation to the “foreign funding case” against NGOs. He was travelling to Morocco to participate in the twenty-second session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) of the United Nations Climate Change Conference. The order was issued without his knowledge and without known charges against him.

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Abdel Hafez Tayel

Abdel Hafez Tayel

Abdel Hafez Tayel is the founder of the Egyptian Center for the Right to Education, an organisation promoting human rights education in Egypt.

On 17 September 2016, the Cairo Criminal Court confirmed the order to freeze his personal assets based on an accusation of illegally receiving foreign funding. If found guilty, he can face up to 25 years of imprisonment.

In November 2016, Abdel Hafez Tayel was heading to Kuwait to attend an international conference on education when airport authorities detained him for several hours before ordering him to head home. He was banned from travelling.

In June 2017, Abdel Hafez Tayel was summoned for interrogation, formally charged and interrogated by the investigative judge in the “foreign funding case” against NGOs. Tayel is accussed of receiving foreign funding with the aim of harming national security, establishing the independent Teachers’ Union in violation of the law, tax evasion and “moral fraud”.

Tayel has also been questioned about an article he wrote calling ex-President Mubarak a criminal.

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Aida Seif Al-Dawla

Aida Seif Al-Dawla

One of the founders of Al-Nadeem Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, she was issued a travel ban on 23rd November 2016 on the basis of her involvement in an unspecified court case.

She had not received any prior notice of the ban from the public prosecutor, but an officer at the airport, where she was first stopped, suggested her lawyer gave the wrong address.

The Al-Nadeem Center’s rehabilitation clinic was threatened with closure in February 2016 following a dispute with the Health Ministry over the legality of the team’s advocacy work against torture. The closure was executed a year later in 2017 and is currently being contested by the center in court. The case was adjourned to September 2017.

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Nasser Amin

Nasser Amin

Nasser Amin is the director of the Arab Centre for the Independence of the Judiciary and the Legal Profession in Egypt, as well as the Chairman of the Complaints Committee of the quasi-official National Council for Human Rights. He has worked on cases of enforced disappearances and torture, which he has described as a systematic pattern.

On the 14 July 2016, he was prevented from travelling to Beirut for a conference by the security officers at Cairo International airport based on an order of the Public Prosecutor. The reason behind the travel ban was not stated by the authorities.

 

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Hoda Abd El-Wahab

Hoda Abd El-Wahab

Hoda Abd El-Wahab is a lawyer and Executive Director of the Arab Centre for the Independence of the Judiciary and the Legal Profession, a regional organisation established in Cairo in March 1997

On 20 June 2016, she was travelling to Oslo to participate in an international conference on the death penalty when she was informed by officials at Cairo International Airport that a judicial order imposed a travel ban on her. Hoda Abd El-Wahab believes that this is related to case 173/2011, known as the foreign funding case against NGOs in Egypt, which was reopened in 2016. She was not formally notified of this order and has yet to be informed of any further action to be taken.

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Hossam Al-Din Ali

Hossam Al-Din Ali

On 27 February 2016, the director of the Egyptian Democratic Academy, Hossam Al-Din Ali, was stopped at Cairo International Airport and barred from travelling to the United States. He was on his way to an international conference on ways to fight corruption. He discovered his travel ban at Cairo international airport, as he had not been notified of it.

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Hossam Bahgat

Hossam Bahgat

Hossam Bahgat is an Egyptian human rights defender and investigative journalist. He is the founder of the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights and a journalist for Mada Masr. He was arrested from 8 to 10 November 2015, summoned by military intelligence for ‘publishing false news that harmed national interests and disseminating information that disturbed public peace’. He had written a series of articles concerning the army and military trials.

In January 2016, he was again critical of the Egyptian regime, when he argued that the ‘level of repression now [is] significantly higher than it was under the Mubarak regime’.

In February 2016, he was prevented from traveling to Jordan in order to participate in a United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia conference on justice in the Arab world.

On 17 September 2016, the Cairo Criminal Court confirmed the order to freeze his personal assets.

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Omar Hazek

Omar Hazek

Omar Hazek is a human rights defender, a renowned poet from Alexandria and an honorary member of the Austrian chapter of PEN International. He has been an outspoken critic of the use of torture by the Egyptian police and of corruption in public institutions.

Hazek was on his way to The Hague to accept the 2016 Oxfam Novib/PEN Award for Freedom of Expression, the award is given annually to honour writers who have fought courageously for freedom of expression in the face of great adversity and despite the risk to their own lives. When he arrived at Cairo airport he was detained, questioned and later released after several hours of questioning, along with being given a travel ban.

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About this Campaign

Is it a crime to defend human rights in Egypt?

My work on human rights was the reason why I travelled outside of Egypt on many occasions. I always saw myself as a lucky person as this also brought the opportunity to discover different cultures and meet colleagues from other countries, sharing common aspirations in the defence of economic and social rights.

But every time I travelled, I knew where, when and how I would return. Until my last departure from Egypt, I had always held a round-trip ticket.

Click here to read full testimony

"It is true that I do not feel secure there but I do miss my homeland wherever I am."

About this Campaign

 

 

This campaign is a joint initiative of EuroMed Rights and the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS) to gather public support for

  • the release of all Egyptian activists currently held in prison
  • the end of growing harassment from the Egyptian authorities

Egyptian activists are striving for human rights, democracy and other fundamental freedoms, yet have been targeted since 2011 for their role in defending and promoting civil, political and economic rights. Due to their prominent contribution in initiating change, many Egyptian activists are being targeted, threatened, prosecuted in political trials and sentenced to long prison terms.

In Egyptian President Sisi’s own words, “(…) there are many innocent people inside prisons, soon many of them will be released according to the available permissions” (declared on television on 22 February 2015)

This systematic crackdown on dissent must stop. All detained activists must be freed and this permanent harassment ended!

Take action and show your support and solidarity.

Every voice counts! Help us in getting as many as possible!

"Putting peaceful activists behind bars may give the authorities a feeling of control, but it’s illusory – and it’s certainly not the road to building a democratic political system."

Ahdaf Soueif - Author, Egypt

Take Action

Imprisoned and harassed activists need your help and your voice!

Take action now and show your support by sharing this campaign.

Spread the word and share this campaign via Twitter, Facebook, emails, etc. You can use our Tweet template below

Support @EMHRN & take action to #HarassNoMore #HumanRights activists in #Egypt http://ow.ly/VjUge (add your picture to the tweet)

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Voices count! Help us in getting as many as possible!

Video

Silent stunt in front of the European Parliament

Today, 24 January 2017, EuroMed Rights staged in front of the European Parliament some of the most outrageous violations human rights’ defenders (HRDs) face in their everyday life in Egypt. #HarassNoMore #FreeHRDs

Cartoons Gallery